Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed
( مولانا ابوالکلام محی الدین احمد آزاد) He was an Indian Muslim scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement and lived from 11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958. He is also known for having predicted the future military rule and partition of Pakistan before its independence. He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad; he had adopted Azad (Free) as his pen name and contribution to establishing the education foundation of India is recognised by celebrating his birthday as National Education Day across India. As a young man, he composed poetry in Urdu as well as treatises on religion and philosophy.Azad became an enthusiastic supporter of Gandhi's ideas of non-violent civil disobedience, and worked actively to organise the Non-cooperation movement in protest at the 1919 Rowlatt Acts. Azad was one of the main organisers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931, and emerged as one of the most important national leaders of the time, prominently leading the causes of Hindu-Muslim unity as well as espousing secularism and socialism.He served as Congress President from 1940 to 1945 (5 years), during which the Quit India rebellion was launched and Azad was imprisoned with the entire Congress leadership for three years. Azad became the most prominent Muslim opponent of the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan and served in the interim national government. Amidst communal turmoil following the partition of India, he worked for religious harmony. As India's Education Minister, Azad oversaw the establishment of a national education system with free primary education and modern institutions of higher education. He is also credited with the establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology and the foundation of the University Grants Commission, an important institution to supervise and advance the higher education in the nation.
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SOME OF HIS FAMOUS BOOKS ARE LISTED BELOW:
- Maulana Azad's commentary on the Holy Qur'an - Tarjuman al-Quran